Winter 2020 • Volume 40 • Number 1


President's Address

Lucy B. Spalluto, MD, MPH

Associate Professor

Associate Director, Diversity and Inclusion
Director, Women in Radiology
Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Department of Radiology and Radiological Sciences

Dear AAWR members,


Thank you all for helping to make 2019 a truly outstanding year for the AAWR!   I look forward to working with many of you during my term as the 2020 AAWR President. 


Under the guidance of Dr. Elizabeth Kagan Arleo, the 2019 AAWR President, our organization achieved tremendous success.  I would like to express my heartfelt thanks to Dr. Arleo for her leadership and continued efforts to strengthen the mission of the AAWR.  Likewise, I would like to express my gratitude to the AAWR leadership including President-Elect Dr. Kristin Porter, Vice-President Dr. Barbara Pawley, Treasurer Dr. Amy Patel, Secretary Dr. Candice Johnstone, and Executive Director from the ACR, Stephanie Hige.


The AAWR continues to lead the charge in addressing issues faced by women in radiology and radiation oncology.  In recent years, we have expanded our horizons by partnering with numerous radiology and radiation oncology societies and by offering new, innovative programming.  Further, we have strengthened the AAWR’s core mission to improve the visibility of women in radiology and radiation oncology and advance the professional and academic standing of women in radiology. 


Addressing issues faced by women in radiology and radiation oncology:  AAWR Immediate Past-President Dr. Elizabeth Arleo has led national efforts to garner support for 12 weeks of paid family/parental leave for radiologists and radiology trainees.  Both the Society of Chairs of Academic Radiology Departments (SCARD) [1] and the Association of Program Directors in Radiology (APDR) [2] have issued statements of support for 12 weeks paid family leave.  At RSNA 2019, the AAWR-sponsored educational session, “Paid Family/Parental Leave in Radiology with a Focus on Private Practice - A Panel Discussion,” provided an opportunity to further this discussion on the national level.


Expanding AAWR horizons:  During the past several years, the AAWR has expanded our membership and strategic partnerships with other radiology and radiation oncology organizations and industry partners.  This expansion has allowed us to offer innovative programming to our membership.  Recent events at RSNA 2019 included the 5th Annual AAWR Celebration Dinner; an evening networking session and panel discussion on “Imposter Syndrome,” co-sponsored by GE; an RSNA educational session on “Paid Family/Parental Leave in Radiology;” Dr. Vijay Rao’s presentation “The Year of the Woman” at the AAWR President’s Lunch; an interactive historical perspective “Our Radiology and Radiation Oncology Foremothers” hosted by AAWR President-Elect Dr. Kristin Porter and myself; and a speed mentoring event.  At the ACR 2019 meeting, the AAWR hosted the inaugural “Evening for Equality,” co-sponsored by Koios Medical, which included a viewing of the Ruth Bader Ginsburg biographical film On the Basis of Sex; a Power Hour discussion on “How the ACR Works and How to Get Involved and Succeed,” led by AAWR Past-President Dr. Kasia Macura and co-sponsored by Bracco; a speed mentoring event; and the ACR Women’s Caucus focused on paid family/parental leave.


Strengthening the AAWR core mission:  Through expanded programmatic offerings and the strategic partnerships the AAWR has developed with radiology and radiation oncology societies and industry partners, we have strengthened our core mission to improve the visibility of women in radiology and advance the professional and academic standing of women in radiology and radiation oncology.  The efforts of our dedicated Member-in-Training Committee (led by Drs. Anna Lee and Courtney Tomblinson in 2019, and to be led by Drs. Anna Lee and Shadi Esfahani in 2020) have been instrumental in developing programming to improve the visibility of women in radiology and radiation oncology to students and trainees. 


It is with great excitement that I look forward to leading the AAWR over the course of the next year. My mission-driven goals for the AAWR include:


  1. Addressing issues faced by women in radiology and radiation oncology.  Continue and improve our current efforts to address the issues faced by women in radiology and radiation oncology.  Further, adapt these efforts to address emerging issues that may be faced by today’s diverse radiology and radiation oncology workforce.
  2. Designing programming to meet the needs of our diverse membership.  Understand the needs of our diverse membership and design accessible programming targeted to meet these needs.
  3. Developing sustainable infrastructure mechanisms to support the ongoing needs of the AAWR.  Build on the ongoing leadership efforts to organize, evaluate, and strengthen the structural support of the AAWR.


Again, I thank you all for your continued support of the AAWR.  I encourage you to reach out with questions, comments, and suggestions.




  1. Society of Chairs of Academic Radiology Departments Statement of Support for Paid Parental Leave

Canon, Cheri L., Enzmann, Dieter R., Grist, Thomas M., Meltzer, Carolyn C., Norbash, Alexander, Omary, Reed A., Rawson, James V., Recht, Michael P. et al.  Journal of the American College of Radiology, Volume 16, Issue 3, 271 – 272.

2. Association of Program Directors in Radiology (APDR), Statement of support for 12 weeks of family leave in residency.  Accessed December 26, 2019.





Meet the Newest AAWR Board Members

Image result for candice johnstone
Candice Johnstone, MD
University of Missouri-Kansas City School of Medicine


Dr. Candice Johnstone is an Associate Professor in Radiation Oncology and the Medical Director of the Department of Radiation Oncology at St Joseph’s Hospital.  Her patient care emphasis is Lung, Breast, and Esophageal cancers, as well as palliative care.  She is the co-editor of a leading handbook entitled Palliative Radiation Oncology.


Dr. Johnstone contributes to clinical program development and research and has special expertise in SBRT, the primary treatment of inoperable lung cancer.  At MCW she is the course director for the community oncology elective.  She received her medical degree from NYU School of Medicine, completed her residency at Harvard Joint Center for Radiation Therapy, and received her MPH from the Harvard School of Public Health.


Shadi Esfahani, MD, MPH
Massachusetts General Hospital
Member at Large – MIT  DX

Shadi Esfahani MD, MPH is a Diagnostic Radiology Resident at Massachusetts General Hospital. She is spending her final year of residency training at the Division of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging and will pursue an Abdominal Imaging Fellowship at MGH beginning July 2020.

Dr. Esfahani received her Medical Degree and Master of Public Health from Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. Immediately after graduation, she started a postdoctoral fellowship at MGH Martinos Center for Biomedical Imaging, where she focused on development and translation of molecular imaging approaches to optimize diagnosis and treatment of cancer for three years. Subsequently she completed her transitional internship at MetroWest Medical Center in Tufts School of Medicine prior to radiology residency. She is actively involved in pre-clinical and clinical research in the field of molecular imaging with particular interest in the application of PET/MR and Hyperpolarized MR imaging for personalized treatment of gastrointestinal and genitourinary malignancies. She is the principal investigator on an RSNA Resident Research Grant and a Ralph Schlaeger Research Award.

Dr. Esfahani serves as the President of the Resident and Fellow Section of Massachusetts Radiological Society (MRS). She is also a member of the MRS Diversity and Inclusion Committee and Early Career and Trainees Working Group of Women in Nuclear Medicine. She serves as a member of ACNM Nuclear Medicine Resident Organization, SNMMI Resident Committee, and SCBT-MR Communications Committee. She is the ACNM 2020 Leadership and Health Policy Fellow and the SNMMI 2020 Future Leaders Academy Fellow. She also serves as the RSNA alternate delegate to American Medical Association (AMA).






  • Jan. 2019: Formalized relationship with law firm (Bradley) for select pro-bono work​.

  • SCARD statement of support of 12 weeks paid parental leave in radiology – approved by SCARD BOD & Membership (Oct. 2018, in writing in JACR March 2019)​.

  • ABR reconsidered its Core Exam policy – now allows residents to sit for the exam after 32 months training and allows for up to four months LOA in addition to conference & vacation time (in writing in JACR March 2019)​.

  • Worked with attorneys with expertise in employment law to write APDR statement of support for 12 weeks (unpaid) leave in radiology residency  (passed April)​.

  • "The APDR thus recognizes that under the FMLA, eligible* radiology trainees of all genders have the right to take up to 12 weeks of unpaid family leave, and encourages program directors to make this right known to their trainees, as indicated by federal law, and to provide notice of any additional rights under relevant state family leave laws." ​


  • 175 new members, 70 rejoined. For the first time since 2010 the association has more members than the previous year​.

  • New multi-year discounted registration rates​.

  • Staff has organized and created a data file of membership join rate and retention​.


  • New ACR event: Evening for Equality film night – RBG (sponsored by Koios)​.

  • ACR Power Hour (Bracco).​

  • Corporate support RSNA Celebration Dinner​.

  • Reestablished the RSNA Monday evening panel: Tackling Impostor Syndrome (GE)​.

  • Hosted a session at UC Davis on Burnout.

  • Hosted a session at SNMMI on benefits of AAWR membership​.

  • Online events: Book Club and introduced a webinar series – Paid Leave and Work/Life Balance​.

  • Re-Organization of Committees, and established goals​.

  • Created Committee Interest Form to help members easily volunteer for committees​.


  • Name update to allow more inclusivity. ​

  • New logo.​

  • Updated website homepage and membership purchase area​.

  • Created more modern and engaging emails. ​

  • New promotional flyers to pass out during events in which AAWR participates.

  • Ordered badge ribbons with AAWR’s new logo​.


  • Updated Bylaws to highlight RO, new name, and updated board responsibilities​.

  • Online voting included in Bylaws. Members will now be able to vote on topics via email instead of waiting for ACR or RSNA​.


  • Awards: Reviewed and updated award requirements to allow easier application. The number of applicants increased significantly​.

  • Reestablished the ASTRO MIT presentation Award​.

  • New award: eponymous Dr.  Katherine Schaffer award – awardee will attend ACR RLI seminar.

AAWR Research & Education Foundation Dinner

Kristin Porter, MD, PhD

AAWR Vice President

The fifth Annual Celebration Dinner supporting the AAWR Research and Education Foundation was held on December 1, 2019 at the Palmer House in Chicago for the second year.  By all measures, it was a great success!


There was generous silver-level sponsorship of tables by Bracco, Guerbet, and Hologic as well as table sponsorship by academic department chairs Dr. Reed Omary of Vanderbilt and Dr. Cheri Canon of the University of Alabama at Birmingham.  All in attendance and members of the AAWR Board of Directors gratefully acknowledge these generous contributions, which helped to double the R&E Dinner proceeds when compared to 2018.  The proceeds will be used to promote and recognize research, scholarship, and leadership among women in radiology/radiation oncology and related fields.


A new seating structure celebrated the accomplishments of women radiology and radiation oncology leaders with several celebrated leaders in attendance, including the first AAWR President, Dr. Carol Rumack.  Table tents highlighted the impressive endeavors of these women and sparked admiration and discussion. 


Dr. Elizabeth Arleo, the outgoing President of the AAWR, warmly welcomed everyone to the dinner and encouraged discussion of recent accomplishments and future goals. The event was a wonderful opportunity to network with members old and new, and a number of members in training attended.


Plans for next year’s AAWR R&E dinner are already underway, and many are looking forward to reconnecting at the Palmer House Sunday evening during RSNA 2020. Please encourage your practice or department to sponsor a table!


AAWR Business Lunch 

Jean Mathew Kunjummen, DO

Emory University Hospital


The AAWR Business Lunch was a tremendous success with terrific participation from the large audience present.  The luncheon kicked off with a welcome from Dr. Elizabeth Arleo (Immediate Past President), followed by election of the 2020 AAWR Executive Committee.


In her speech, Dr. Arleo highlighted important AAWR accomplishments during 2019. A  major accomplishment was the successful campaign to have the Society of Chairs of Academic Radiology Departments endorse 12 weeks of paid Family and Parental Leave. The American Board of Radiology also reconsidered its Core Exam Policy to allow residents to sit for the exam after 32 months of training. This permits up to four months of parental leave in addition to conference and vacation time, rather than being penalized for taking time off.  Dr. Arleo also worked with the Association of Program Directors in Radiology (APDR) to write a statement confirming that residents are considered employees and have a right to 12 weeks of family leave under the Family and Medical Leave Act. Residents are encouraged to exercise that option. Other accomplishments included a surge in membership. For the first time since 2011, AAWR has more members than previous years. AAWR was also involved in multiple meetings and sponsored various events at these meetings. These events included an Evening for Equality film night, an online Book Club, and an introductory webinar series: Paid Leave and Work/Life Integration. Lastly, due to support from the community, increased membership, and sound fiscal management, positive financial growth was achieved in 2019.


Dr. Maria Kelly, Chair of the Awards Committee, presented the following awards:

Clara Rydzak, MD:  2019 AAMC Early Career Seminar Winner.

Susan Wu, MD (ASTRO) and Anna Trofimova, MD (RSNA): Member in Training Award for outstanding presentations.

Kirti Magudia, MD: 2019 Lucy Frank Squire Distinguished Resident Award in Diagnostic Radiology.

Melody Xu, MD: 2019 Eleanor Montague Distinguished Resident Award in Radiation Oncology.


The Alice Ettinger Distinguished Achievement Award 2019 recipient was Judith Amorosa, MD. This prestigious award is given to an AAWR member who is an outstanding mentor, teacher, and leader in radiology. Dr. Amorosa wears many hats, including that of Professor of Radiology at UMDNJ-Robert Wood Johnson Medical School; Program Director of the Diagnostic Radiology Residency Program; Vice Chair for medical education and faculty development; and Chief of the Thoracic Imaging Section. She is an extraordinary leader within the national and international radiological community. She was president of AAWR in 2007 and is a founder and chief of international membership for AAWR. Dr. Amorosa is also a fellow of AAWR.


The Marie Sklodowska Curie Award 2019 recipient was Yoshimi Anzai, MD. She is Professor of Radiology at the University of Utah, Associate Chief Medical Quality Officer at University of Utah Health Care, Adjunct Professor of Population Health Sciences and Adjunct Professor of Neurosurgery, University of Utah.


Lastly, six new Fellows were inducted into the AAWR: Linda Fahr, MD, Patricia Rhyner, MD, Candice Johnstone, MD, Maria Kelly, MD, Nina Mayr, MD, and Deborah Levine, M.D


The meeting concluded with the transfer of the presidency from Dr. Elizabeth Arleo to Dr. Lucy Spalluto.


Year of the Woman: Vijay Rao, MD, FACR, FAAWR

Michelle Dorsey, MD

University of Arizona College of Medicine
AAWR Member at Large, DX


Dr. Rao stated that the “Year of the Woman” initially became a popular label in 1992, the year a number of women were elected to the Senate in the wake of the Anita Hill testimony regarding Justice Clarence Thomas. This was followed in 2018 by the #MeToo movement. Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez became the youngest woman ever elected to Congress, stating “We can’t knock on anybody’s doors, we have to build our own house.” It was also the year Christine Blasey Ford testified about Justice Brett Kavanaugh, bringing the Anita Hill testimony full circle. The year 2019 has become the year of female entrepreneurs in business. These women thrive despite many challenges including the stigma of being a working mother and slow career growth as a result of stereotyping. There are currently nine jobs in which women are underrepresented today: medicine/surgeons, politicians, carpenters, chefs, CEOs, firefighters, airline pilots, lawyers, and computer programmers.


AAWR has been the driving force promoting women in radiology and radiation oncology. The history of AAWR has been nicely highlighted in the 2008 RadioGraphics article by Angtuaco, et al. The co-founders of AAWR were Helen Redman, MD (the first woman president of RSNA in 1995) and Ann Lewicki, MD in 1981. Carol Rumack, MD was the first AAWR President. Dr. Rao asserts that 1981 was the Year of the Woman for radiology. In 1981 there were a number of gender unique issues that AAWR aimed to address, including maternity and radiation exposure, quality of life, balancing roles at home and work, child care, retention and increase of members, international membership, and improving visibility/communication among members. According to Dr. Rao, these issues are still relevant today.


After 25 years, AAWR was going through a difficult time when Dr. Rao served on the Executive Committee from 2007-2011. At that time, membership was stagnant, and dues provided the only source of revenue. As a result, the society was struggling financially, and AAWR’s future looked shaky. Younger women were questioning the need for a women’s organization. AAWR needed a new strategy for the society to thrive. In 2011, Dr. Rao became AAWR President and proposed a different path, based on the AAMC model. She felt the ACR was the place to start a partnership, and focused her efforts on getting the ACR to embrace AAWR. Dr. Rao and several members, including Julia Fielding, MD and M. Elizabeth Oates, MD, initiated a meeting with ACR leadership. They made a strong case as to why the ACR should embrace and support AAWR, but also let AAWR keep its identity and autonomy. This request was successful, and momentum continued to build as the ACR established the Commission on Women and Diversity, chaired by Katarzyna Macura, MD, PhD. Since then AAWR has grown stronger and this past year developed networks with ASTRO/ARRS, ABR, ACR, RSNA, and SCARD under the leadership of Elizabeth Kagan Arleo, MD. There have been recent victories for family leave.


Radiology and radiation oncology remain a male dominated specialty. The growth in the numbers of women in radiology and radiation oncology has lagged behind the growth of women in all other specialties, even male dominated ones such as urology, general surgery, and cardiology. Studies have shown that once we reach a critical mass of more than 30 percent women, we will be better able to exert influence. Yet radiology still stands at only 26 percent women. We need to continue to look to new initiatives to encourage women to go into radiology. But there is some good news. Even though the pipeline is stagnant, women who have gone into radiology are doing better at achieving leadership positions than those in other specialties. SCARD data shows the number of women radiology department chairs was 5.5 percent in 2002 vs 16.6 percent in 2019.  The ACR Board of Chancellors has 30 percent female members. The RSNA board was 37.5 percent female from 2015-2018, and now is 25 percent in 2019. On many radiology society boards, women’s representation is 30-50 percent. Many of the societies have woman presidents.


RSNA is the largest and most influential radiology organization globally with more than 55K members from more than 140 countries. In RSNA, there have been seven women presidents, 13 women gold medalists, 11 women outstanding educators, and two women outstanding researchers. As such, 2018 is another Year of Women in radiology. Geraldine McGinty, MD, MBA is the first woman chair of the ACR Board of Chancellors. Ruth Carlos, MD, MS is the first woman editor of JACR. Valerie Jackson, MD is the Executive Director of the ABR. We have seen many successes.


Dr. Rao then discussed her journey and career. She was born in India, the youngest of six children. Her family faced much adversity but her father believed in giving the highest education to all of his children, daughters and sons alike. Her father was a successful physician, but after the Indian Independence and partition in 1947 her family became refugees to Delhi. She was born shortly after and named after India’s victory/independence (Vijay means victory). Her parents worked hard to give her opportunities, and she put forth her best effort. She gained entry into AIIMS, the Harvard of India (accepting only 50 students), and subsequently graduated fourth in her class. Dr. Rao came to the U.S. when she was 24 years old and joined Thomas Jefferson University as a resident in 1975. She was the only woman resident in her program and the only non-white. She excelled and was offered a faculty position in her second year of residency where her department chair assigned her to become a head and neck radiologist. She loved teaching and subsequently became the program director overseeing medical student and resident education for 16 years. She then became chair of her department and subsequently a senior vice president for radiology. She has been at the same institution for her entire career but her job has changed every 10-15 years, keeping her fresh and rejuvenated. She enjoys learning and doing new things so that her career doesn’t get stale.


Dr. Rao then related that whenever she shared her successes with her father, he’d always say “That’s great. I am so proud of you. What’s the next step?” She never planned to become President of AAWR or APDR or ASNR or RSNA, but they were her next steps. When opportunities arose, she said yes. To compensate at home, she hired the best domestic help she could and recognized she couldn’t do everything as a working mother. She often felt guilty when she wasn’t able to make cookies, but her children grew up and didn’t feel deprived. She always tried to be the best mother, wife, daughter, and radiologist, but what she sacrificed was time for herself. She feels fortunate to have had good mentors along the way. Her administrative assistant has been with her for a remarkable 33 years.


In 2002, Dr. Rao was named chair at Jefferson. She remembers it felt surreal to be in the same office where she interviewed for her residency and faculty positions, but now on the other side of the desk. As the first woman chair at TJU of any clinical department in the institution’s 175 year history she had a very real fear of failure. TJU was notably the last medical school in the country to become co-ed. When she became chair she received three books as gifts: Sun Tzu‘s The Art of War, Niccolo Machiavelli’s The Prince, and Swim with the Sharks Without Being Eaten Alive by Harvey Mackay. She thought she must have taken the wrong job, as she had never read any of them. Instead, in her first year as chair she attended the ELAM program (Executive Leadership in Academic Medicine), where she had a stimulating experience and relates that it was the first time she ever walked into a room full of women leaders. Now the books she recommends are Jim Collins’ Good to Great, and 7 Habits of Highly Effective People by Stephen Covey. She made the decision to be who she is as a leader and recommends that women be true to themselves. Her parting advice was:


  • When opportunities knock say yes
  • Get the best help you can at home
  • It’s about choices, you can’t do everything
  • Believe in yourself
  • Don’t fear the fear of failure
  • Find good mentors
  • Integrity, trust, grit, resilience are key attributes
  • Build a support system
  • Level 5 Executive Leaders (per Jim Collins) are usually understated, have humility, and a strong professional will to build enduring greatness of the organization.


Dr. Rao concluded that women in radiology have reached a tipping point. We must improve entry into the pipeline. We need to continue to improve diversity and inclusion, for example, through the ACR Commission on Women and Diversity and the RSNA Committee on Diversity and Inclusion. And most importantly, women must continue to support one another.

The AAWR Higginbotham Resident Lunch

Yasha Parikh Gupta, MD

Mount Auburn Hospital

The AAWR Higginbotham Resident Lunch is served at the RSNA Annual Meeting, made possible by an endowment from the Higginbotham family. Dr. Edith A. Higginbotham was one of the first African-American female radiologists board-certified in nuclear medicine in the United States. 

The lunch featured delicious deep dish pizza, a Chicago staple. The main event was a game of AAWR Jeopardy (sound effects and all), hosted by none other than current AAWR President Dr. Lucy Spalluto and President-Elect Dr. Kristin K. Porter. The game sought to teach the room about the history of the AAWR and women in radiology/radiation oncology. 


Categories included catchy titles such as Founding Foremothers and AAWR Firsts. Many important women in radiology and radiation oncology were highlighted. Examples of women included in the game were Marie Curie, the first woman to receive a Gold Medal from the Radiological Society of North America (1922) and the American College of Radiology (1931). The photo featured Madame Curie seated, surrounded by a sea of men standing, watching over her as she was awarded her medal. 


Dr. Lucy Frank Squire was also included among the prominent women in radiology history, being the first woman enrolled in residency at Massachusetts General Hospital as well as the first recipient of the AAWR Marie Sklodowska-Curie Award in 1986.


Other answers were more recent.  For example, Dr. Christine (Cooky) O.  Menias will become the Editor of Radiographics in January 2021, the journal’s first woman editor.  Similarly, Dr. Amy Patel was highlighted for her work as Digital Media Associate Editor for the Journal of the American College of Radiology. Dr. Anne Osborn was also noted for becoming the first woman president of the largest radiological subspecialty – neuroradiology. 


Clearly, much work lies ahead as there is still a gender minority in this field. Nevertheless, the women who have come before us set a standard of excellence, and we will succeed due to their perseverance. Dr. Porter and Dr. Spalluto made this event incredibly educational while still fun and playful – with the winning team receiving AAWR mugs and totes!


Paid Family/Parental Leave in Radiology with a Focus on Private Practice:  A Panel Discussion by AAWR

Ragni Jindal, MD

NYU Winthrop Hospital


“Paid Family/Parental Leave in Radiology with a Focus on Private Practice: A Panel Discussion by AAWR” was an educational and engaging session. The main speakers were Dr. Elizabeth Kagan Arleo, Ms. Annie Sartor, Dr. Catherine Everett, Dr. Nina Kottler, and Dr. Kamran Ali. The session was moderated by Dr. Arleo.


Paid parental and family leave policies promote well-being, prevent burnout, and promote patient safety. These guidelines offer positive branding for the specialty of radiology, as ours is the only specialty with such policies. An additional benefit is the reformation of the gender landscape.


The Family and Medical Leave Act, or FMLA, is a federal leave policy that entitles eligible employees to up to 12 weeks of unpaid, job-protected leave for specified family and medical reasons in a 12-month period. The Society of Chairs of Academic Radiology Departments (SCARD), American Board of Radiology (ABR), and the Association of Program Directors in Radiology (APDR) have worked in collaboration with FMLA to develop family and parental leave policies applicable to radiology.


SCARD members support AAWR, and together they strive to provide 12 weeks of paid parental leave for eligible faculty members of all genders. For radiology residents, the ABR now allows residents who are in or beyond their 32nd month of diagnostic radiology residency training to take the Core Examination, if the program director attests that the resident has sufficient knowledge/experience, and the candidate attests that he/she understands the potential consequences of taking the examination early. These policies essentially allow up to a four-month leave of absence, which is in addition to the standard vacation and meeting time, during the first three years of diagnostic radiology residency. The APDR also recognizes the right of radiology trainees of all genders to take up to 12 weeks of unpaid family leave.


 As Ms. Sartor discussed, currently, one in every four women in the U.S. goes back to work within 10 days of giving birth! There are multiple factors that drive these policy changes, including incentive to retain employees, recruit talented individuals, reinforce company values, and improve employee productivity and morale. A good paid family leave policy should be applicable to all employees (including fathers, adoptive, and foster parents), afford at least 12 weeks parental and six weeks family/medical leave, and should be easy to access/use. Ms. Sartor further discussed the “direct” and “indirect” costs and savings that factor into calculating cost, such as continued pay, supervisor time, reduced wages, and reducing hiring costs by retaining employees. Much successful work has been done with some of the largest employers around the nation with regards to development of good policies. Radiology still has a long way to go!


Dr. Catherine Everett and Dr. Nina Kotler shared how information was collected to assess the current policies that exist in radiology as well as the changes that transformed the radiology landscape. Information was gathered via the Radiology Business Management Association (RBMA) and Radiology Partners practice directors’ surveys to highlight important factors such as how many responding organizations required FMLA and how many did not, how the paid leave was paid, if “make up” call is required, and various other key questions. This helped identify barriers such as non-flexible workload and subspecialty coverage as well as delineate opportunities such as flexible work lists and working from home.


Recent studies show a steady decrease in female representation starting at the medical school level with 48% females enrolled, declining to radiology residents at 27%, practicing radiologists at 21%, then dropping to radiology leaders at only 13%.  An important concept was “3P Leave – Parental, Professional, and Personal,” introduced by Dr. Kasia Macura and Dr. Catherine Everett. The concept advocates a time separate from yearly vacation, based on time accrued and borrowed, which could be used by anyone at chosen intervals for medical, maternity, professional enhancement, etc. Currently, no radiology program offers this option. The concept could possibly be used as a recruitment incentive to positively impact the gender landscape of radiology!  


Dr. Kamran Ali related his own experiences and highlighted the importance of much-needed changes in parental leave policies. He took us through the various steps his private practice reviewed to address burnout as well as extending the option of 12-week parental leave to fathers. He discussed what motivated the desire for change, whether the changes would align with the practice’s mission, and how to bring about a change in culture.  While this proved to be an unchartered territory for the practice, the leaders recognized the needs of the employees and worked hard toward formulating policies to best address the issues. 


The session engaged the audience and struck a similar chord with several of the audience members from private and academic practices trying to establish appropriate parental and family leave policies at their institutions. Radiology still has a long way to go to establish policies that create an equitable work environment, address burnout, and create a satisfactory work-life balance. But with increased awareness, consistent effort, and support of strong advocates, the task is achievable.


Speed Mentoring at RSNA
Yasha Parikh Gupta, MD
Mount Auburn Hospital

As anticipated, this year’s Speed Mentoring at RSNA was a huge success.  After a few opening words from Dr. Esfahani, the time clock officially began.  Attendees ranged from medical students, post-graduate students, residents in their intern year all the way to junior attendings.  There were eight tables this year, with mentors switching every nine minutes.   Mentors included current AAWR President Dr. Lucy Spalluto and Immediate Past President Dr. Elizabeth Kagan Arleo. 


Dr. Arleo explained how to remain organized and create long- and short-term goals.  I personally learned that she sets time with her journal every month to outline her monthly goals and lay out the projects she is working on.  Dr. Amy Patel gave advice on creating a career with time for both work and personally fulfilling projects, such as publications or organized radiology.  Dr. Cheri Canon emphasized the importance of asking for what you want in a contract, advice that is extremely useful to those residents currently applying for jobs.  The event was very well organized, with mentors switching tables to make the most out of the short time given at each table.    


Dr. Susan Ackerman, from the Medical University of South Carolina, discussed her own feelings of imposter syndrome by describing a very powerful story about being elected to a board where she felt she did not belong.  Despite winning the election, she took a seat along the wall rather than at the table, and immediately told herself she deserved the seat and stepped up to the table.  While not always easy, she told us to use logic and remind ourselves that we deserve the things we have earned. 


One new and exciting change to Speed Mentoring at RSNA was the addition of a medical student table, which was the first completely full table at the event this year! This table had a different list of topics, as many of the other topics were geared towards residents or junior attendings, with the option to veer off topic as desired. Medical student-specific topics included questions about the IR/DR match, the interview process, questions about radiology in general, and other pertinent points.  Some medical students ventured to other tables to further expand their knowledge.


Feedback from the session was only positive, including first-time attendees, repeat attendees, and medical students.  All of us are looking forward to the next Speed Mentoring session at ACR 2020!




Marie Sklodowska Curie Award


Yoshimi Anzai, MD, MPH

University of Utah



Dr. Yoshimi Anzai is a Professor of Radiology at the University of Utah and also serves as the Associate Chief Quality Officer of the Health System. Dr. Anzai oversees quality, safety, and costs of care delivery in the health system and collaborates with the clinical care teams to facilitate the coordination of care to achieve better outcomes.


In addition to the system quality improvement, her passion is to advocate women in the STEM field. At the University of Utah, she serves as co-director of Women in Health, Medicine, and Sciences as well as director of Women in Medicine at the University of Utah. She is the past AAWR President and has been a member of AAWR for the past 20 years. She has been an inspirational leader and role model for women and under-represented minorities.  When she was the AUR President, she organized the national AUR conference with the main theme of “diversity and inclusion in academic radiology” and collaborated with the AAMC Diversity initiatives.


Dr. Anzai has 19 years of experience in neuroradiology and head and neck radiology and served as the ASHNR President in 2015. Currently, she serves as co-director of the RSNA/ASNR comparative effectiveness research training (CERT) program, which fosters health serves research beyond the diagnostic accuracy in imaging. Her academic aspiration is imaging research in head and neck cancer and traumatic brain injury.


Dr. Anzai graduated from Chiba University in Japan, completed training at UCLA and the University of Michigan, and then obtained an MPH at the University of Washington. She served as the neuroradiology section chief at UW before her current position at the University of Utah. 


Dr. Anzai has received grant funding from AHRQ and CTSA, contributed to more than 150 peer-reviewed publications and 33 review articles, and mentored many students, residents, fellows, and junior faculty in the past. In her free time, she enjoys gardening and cooking, Pilates, yoga, and spending time with her family.


Alice Ettinger Distinguished Achievement Award

Judith Korek Amorosa, MD, FACR, FAAWR

Clinical Professor, Vice Chair for Faculty Development and Academic Affairs Department of Radiology



Family – Husband: Louis.  Children and spouses: Val (Duncan), Dom (Keri), Judy (Julianna), Louie (Jeni). Grandchildren: Jackson, Kaydee, Annarose, Caroline-Jane, Sorin, Louis, Daniel, Dominic, Klari, Arthur, Anna, Joey, Ryan.

Education – Long Island University, Brooklyn, NY. New Jersey College of Medicine, Newark, NJ. Columbia Presbyterian Medical Center, NY (internship), Radiology. St. Vincent's Hospital, NY (Residency & Fellowship).

9-5 -  (are you kidding?)

  •  URG (University Radiology Group) – R. Epstein, S. Basak, M. Becker, V. DeCarvalho, A. Goldszal, and 150 others.
  • Rutgers/RWJMS (Department of Radiology) – J. Nosher, J. Kempf,  J. Allen, M. Paredes-Aguirre, F. Lakatos, M. Toth, G. Cibelli,  120+  Radiology residents, 300 medical students in Radiology. Master Educator Guild member.

Organizations – AAWR, ACR, AUR, ABR (Board Examiner), APDR, AMSER, RSNA (PIAN), STR, ISHRAD, RAD-AID, Jewish Renaissance Foundation.

Fun – Medical student education (AMSER, Clerkship Companion-RSNA Grant, Hybrid Course, On-Call); Residency training (APDR Set up Residency and PD); Thoracic Radiology (PI NLST, ACR AP Thoracic Section, Lung Cancer Screening, B reader); History (Roentgen, Semmelweis, Zsidokorhaz-Budapest).

Do - RAD-AID, JRF-Santo Domingo


Eleanor Montague Distinguished Resident Award
in Radiation Oncology


Melody Xu, MD, MS

University of California San Francisco


Melody Xu, MD, MS, is a PGY5 resident physician in the UCSF Department of Radiation Oncology.


She received her Bachelor of Arts in Molecular and Cell Biology from the University of California, Berkeley, in 2009, and her Medical Doctorate and Master of Science in Translational Research at the University of Pennsylvania in 2015. She enjoys working to improve trainee and interdisciplinary medical education in radiation oncology. Her primary academic interests include research and clinical capacity building in global health settings and reducing local health disparities.


After matriculating into residency, Dr. Xu joined the UCSF Global Cancer Program, where she had the opportunity to develop collaborations with the Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences and Ocean Road Cancer Institute (ORCI) in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. She was awarded the UCSF Global Cancer Pilot Award to implement automation-assisted 3D conformal planning for cervical cancer radiation at ORCI and was also named a 2019 – 2020 UCSF Global Oncology Fellow. After completing residency training, she intends to pursue a career in academic radiation oncology.





Lucy Frank Squire Distinguished Resident Award in Diagnostic Radiology
Kirti Magudia, MD, PhD
University of California San Francisco

Kirti Magudia, MD, PhD, is finishing her radiology training at the University of California, San Francisco as a T32 research fellow in the Biomedical Imaging for Clinical Scientists Program followed by a clinical fellowship in abdominal imaging and ultrasound. Her research centers on high level applications of machine learning in radiology, including CT-based body composition analysis and prostate MR, which was facilitated by seven dedicated months at the MGH/BWH Center for Clinical Data Science.


Dr. Magudia was the founding resident chair of the Brigham and Women’s Hospital Women in Radiology Program and has extensively advocated for family friendly trainee policies. She is also the founding chair of the Society of Abdominal Radiology residents and fellows section.


Dr. Magudia is a graduate of the Tri-institutional MD/PhD program of Weill Cornell, Sloan-Kettering, and Rockefeller University, where she completed her PhD in cell and cancer biology in the laboratory of Alan Hall developing a novel 3D cell culture model of colon tumorigenesis. Dr. Magudia plans to pursue an academic career in abdominal radiology.


Member-in-Training Award for Outstanding RSNA Presentation in Diagnostic Radiology

Anna Trofimova, MD, PhD

Emory University School of Medicine

Dr. Anna Trofimova is a fourth-year resident in Emory Diagnostic Radiology Residency Research Track.

Her scientific focus is on investigating applications of advanced diagnostic techniques in the assessment of microstructural and functional changes of the brain. Dr. Trofimova is a recipient of the 2018 RSNA Research Resident Grant for her project investigating brain connectivity alterations in patients with vestibular impairment after mild traumatic brain injury. She is also interested in studying appropriateness and utilization of diagnostic imaging tests in neuroradiology.

Dr. Trofimova has designed and is currently developing a neuroanatomy course specifically tailored to the educational needs of radiology trainees, incorporating hands-on experience with 3D-printed anatomic models for which she received the Adopt-a-Resident Grant of the Emory University Department of Radiology and Imaging Sciences.

Her research efforts have been recognized by multiple awards including the 2019 RSNA Roentgen Resident/Fellow Research Award, 2019 RSNA Trainee Research Prize, and 2019 Radiology Alliance for Health Services Research Harvey L. Neiman Award. She serves in leadership positions including as a Chief Resident at Emory Diagnostic Radiology Residency Program as well as on the institutional and national committees.

After residency and fellowship training, Dr. Trofimova plans to pursue an academic career in neuroradiology.

The Time is Now

Paid parental leave is an important mechanism for preventing burnout and addressing diversity in radiology.
By Emily Paulsen, freelance writer, ACR Press

It's no secret that the United States lags far behind other developed nations on parental leave. While many countries offer between 12 and 52 weeks of paid parental leave, the U.S. remains the only developed country without a national policy on the issue.

1. Only 19 percent of private sector employees have access to paid parental leave of any length.

2. Perhaps not by coincidence, the U.S. also sees a higher level of maternal and infant complications and mortality than other developed countries.

Read Full ACR Bulletin Article 

AAMC Leadership Development Seminar for Early-Career Faculty   

Deadline: February 11, 2020

The AAMC Early-Career Women Faculty Leadership Development Seminar is a three-and-a-half-day seminar designed for women physicians and scientists holding medical school appointments at the instructor or assistant professor level, and in the early stages of leadership positions within their discipline, department, or institution.

The seminar provides time to hone skills required to successfully navigate the academic health enterprise as well as to continue down the path to leadership. Seminar faculty members are chosen from various schools in the United States and Canada for their demonstrated leadership abilities and offer knowledge, inspiration, and valuable career advice to participants. CME credit is available for eligible participants.

The 2020 AAMC Early-Career Women Faculty Leadership Development Seminar will be held: July 11-14, 2020, Hyatt Regency Minneapolis, Minneapolis, Minnesota.

Click here to apply for complimentary seminar registration:

A current curriculum vitae.

• A statement from the applicant that describes the applicant’s qualifications, professional aspirations, and goals for attending the seminar.

• A letter of support from the sponsor outlining the candidate’s leadership potential.

• A summary of the applicant’s activities in support of AAWR or women in radiology, radiation oncology, or medical physics.

APPLY NOW - Deadline February 11, 2020

 All applicants must also apply to the AAMC seminar before the AAMC deadline. The application process will begin in mid-February.
The AAMC application will ask for you for payment information, but you will only be charged if you are accepted to the seminar. Please be aware if you are not chosen as the AAWR candidate, but are selected to attend the seminar, the AAWR will not be able to cover any fees.

The successful applicant will be provided with meeting registration fee only. All other expenditures will be at the expense of the applicant. Please note that the selected recipient will also be asked to submit an article to the AAWR Focus Newsletter that describes one particularly helpful aspect of the meeting.


Please note that while the AAMC is appreciative of our efforts to recommend qualified candidates for their Early-Career award, they cannot guarantee a spot in the seminar. The AAWR nominee is given high consideration in the selection process. Our candidate will need to fill out an additional application via the AAMC website.









AAWR and ACR at the 2019 UC Davis PreHealth Conference
Kirti Magudia, MD, PhD
University of California San Francisco

It was my pleasure to represent AAWR and ACR at the 2019 UC Davis PreHealth Conference on October 19, 2019 in Davis, California ( This conference is organized by students for students going into health fields ranging from medicine to dentistry and pharmacy to nursing. My first reaction when I heard about the conference was how impressive it was, and I regret I did not have such an opportunity. Now it was an opportunity for me to influence these individuals early in their career path and hopefully contribute to their success in a meaningful, albeit small, manner.


I was joined by Dr. Bonnie Joe, professor in residence of radiology and chief of breast imaging at University of California, San Francisco. Together, we presented a unique perspective as two individuals with protracted physician scientist training paths, and decided to entitle our student workshop “Promoting well-being and avoiding burnout: tips from UCSF physician scientists.”


We began our session by asking the approximately 200 students in attendance to take the Well-Being Index survey tool (, made available to students via permission from the ACR. We felt that participation in the survey would help to normalize burnout and promote understanding of the topic of wellness in an active manner. Bonnie and I shared our own personal results of the survey, including a surprising mild drop in well-being over the last several months, and urged students to revisit the survey tool over time.


Next, Bonnie and I shared details of our career paths. We both showed it was possible to have a “life” while becoming a doctor and gave numerous examples, including getting married (both of us), having children (both of us), practicing Tai Chi (Bonnie), and studying abroad in French Polynesia (myself). I stressed that training in health fields, especially medicine and particularly for MD/PhDs, is incredibly long. Continually putting off things that you love and enjoy can lead to burnout.


While participants were educated on the definition of burnout, the prevalence of burnout was emphasized. Literature shows that 28 to 45 percent of medical students experience burnout. Furthermore, there is an increased likelihood of burnout in premed vs. non-premed undergraduate students, and is even greater in women and Hispanic students.


Participants were reminded of strategies to combat burnout: 1) Foster relationships with family, friends, colleagues, and mentors, 2) identify your passions, 3) enjoy the journey of the path you choose, 4) take care of yourself, 5) try to improve the system. In order to bring these strategies into their own lives, participants wrote down their one-year, five-year and 20-year goals. These goals were discussed in small groups, which Bonnie and I participated in, as well as with the entire group. Some students earnestly shared their goals with the entire group, which included graduating from college, maintaining a certain GPA, becoming financially independent, and eventually supporting their parents.


We ended the session with a plug for radiology and a reminder to these students that they truly are the future of healthcare. At the end of the session, Bonnie and I were approached by numerous students who expressed their appreciation for learning about this topic. This group of students was poised, insightful, and inspiring to us, reminding us that outreach before medical school is important for our specialty of radiology to consider.











A little birdie told us…

 Check out some of the many accomplishments of our talented members that have been shared on #RadTwitter recently!


Maddy Artunduaga


Highlighted by UTSWNews video

Jennifer Buckley


Awarded an ACR Rutherford-Lavanty Fellowship in Government Relations

Charlotte Chung


Awarded Certificate of Merit at RSNA 2019 for “Splenic trauma & the new 2018 AAST Injury Grading Scale: A pictorial review of imaging findings critical for grading and management”

Erin Cooke


Co-authored “Radiology Program Directors Should Have an Active Presence on Twitter”

Dania Daye


Moderated #WeAreRadiology panel discussion on diversity and inclusion at RSNA 2019

Lori Deitte


Co-authored “Radiology Program Directors Should Have an Active Presence on Twitter”

Kimberly Feigin


Elected President of New York State Radiological Society

Lori Gettle


Published “Anorectal pitfalls in computed tomography colonography” in Abdominal Radiology

Lori Gettle


Lectured on “Simultaneous Pancreas-Kidney Transplant Anatomy” at KU Radiology

Chelain Goodman


Co-authored “#WomenWhoCurie: Leveraging Social Media to Promote Women in Radiation Oncology”

Hedvig Hricak


Published ‘Women in Radiology: Gender diversity is not a metric – it is a tool for excellence’” in European Radiology

Reshma Jagsi


Highlighted by University of Michigan Rogel Cancer Center for research on work-related burnout in physician-scientists receiving career development awards

Reshma Jagsi


Awarded AAMC Group on Women in Medicine and Science Leadership Award

Ann Jay


Co-moderated ACR RFS RadResChat “Wellness 2.0: Where Are We Now?”

Ella Kazerooni


Lectured on Principles of Screening at Society of Computed Body Tomography and Magnetic Resonance 2019

Tabassum Kennedy


Lectured on Benign vs Malignant Skull Base Lesions

Tabassum Kennedy


Lectured on Sinonasal Anatomy at American Society of Head and Neck Radiology 2019

Amy Kotsenas


Lectured on AI and the ACR Data Science Institute at the Arizona Radiological Society Meeting

Elizabeth Krupinski


Awarded 2019 RSNA Outstanding Researcher

Anna Lee


Co-authored “#WomenWhoCurie: Leveraging Social Media to Promote Women in Radiation Oncology”

Deborah Levine


Presented Keynote Address: The 2019 interdisciplinary update on SRU recommendations for simple adnexal cysts: Does more imaging improve patient outcomes?

Katarzyna Macura


Presented Distinguished Faculty Lecture at Hopkins Radiology Research Day “Innovation is Multidisciplinary: Advances in Prostate Cancer Research”

Kirti Magudia


Authored “Dr. Alice Ettinger: Pioneer of fluoroscopy and exceptional teacher” for Clinical Imaging

Adrianna Masters


Co-authored “#WomenWhoCurie: Leveraging Social Media to Promote Women in Radiation Oncology”

Geraldine McGinty


Promoted to Associate Professor at Weill Cornell Radiology

Carolyn Meltzer


Appointed to RSNA Board of Directors

Carolyn Meltzer


Presented lecture “Unconscious Bias: Does Radiology Have a Blind Spot?” at RSNA 2019

Amy Patel


Co-authored “Radiology Program Directors Should Have an Active Presence on Twitter”

Amy Patel


Authored blog “Professional Success in Social Media” for

Rubal Penna


Won People’s Choice Award at Virginia Mason Innovation Expo for “Gel Tissue-Mimicking Phantoms for Ultrasound Biopsy Simulation’

Rubal Penna


Presented “Opportunistic screening of patients with incidentally discovered fatty liver: Diagnostic yield of NAFLD and NASH” at RSNA 2019

Ashley Prosper


Lectured on Lung Cancer Screening at the California Thoracic Society Meeting

Jessica Robbins


Co-authored “Radiology Program Directors Should Have an Active Presence on Twitter”

Alyssa Simeone


Awarded an ACR Rutherford-Lavanty Fellowship in Government Relations

Lucy Spalluto


Featured in article” Effort seeks to enhance cancer screening for Hispanic/Latina women”

Anna Trofimova


Awarded the AAWR Outstanding Research Award at RSNA 2019

Achala Vagal


Lectured on Pearls and Pitfalls of CT Perfusion as Edwin F. Koch, Jr. Visiting Professor at IURadiology

Achala Vagal


Presented Acute Stroke Imaging: Current Evidence, What is Unknown and What is Next as the T. Hans Newton Annual Lecture at UCSF

Nina Vincoff


Coauthored article “Are Mammogram Guidelines Confusing You?”


We LOVE hearing about the triumphs of our members! If you know of an AAWR member who has done something awesome recently and we missed it, tweet us at @AAWR_org so we can all give them the props they deserve!


The AAWR is pleased to welcome its newest members that joined the 
 Association since Nov 1, 2019

Rebekah Anders
Senta Berggruen
Xiu McKenzie
Sarah Cheng
Krizia Chien
Elizabeth Jeans
Imani Williams
Jessica Scholey
Nicole Hindman
Elizabeth George
Dana Kerr  
Aditi Chaurasia
Allison Garda
Rebecca Parr  
Varun Danda
Adrianna Masters  
Sherry Wang  
Jena Depetris
Elisabeth Seyferth  
Sarah Kamel  
Hossam Elbelasi
Tim Blackburn  
Sydney Payne
Aishwarya Gulati
Chevonne Parris-Skeete  
Andrea Tenreiro
Zerwa Farooq
Anne-Sophie Touret
Anne Darrow  
Marlene Cantu
Nicole Tamer
Idalid Franco
Efaza Siddiqui
Edina Wang
Brittany Lewis
Stephany Ross
Brittany Cloud
Xin Wei
Jessica Behringer
Karin Dill  
Sara Hennessy
Jiyon Lee  
Jiun Yiing Hu
Parisa Mazaheri
Noelle Carrillo
Bhumi Patel
Lauren Vassiliades
Caroline Reich  

Chair, Newsletter Committee
Dr. Jean Mathew Kunjummen

Chief Editor 
Dr. Candice Johnstone

Administrative Editor
Barbara L. Hickman, MS, CMP

Executive Director

Stephanie Huppert Hige


Contact AAWR